In honour of Halloween, we wanted to delve into the world of cryptozoology and take a look at the legendary monsters from various cultures around the world! Cryptozoology is a pseudoscience and subculture that aims to prove the existence of entities (referred to as cryptids) from folklore, such as Big Foot and The Chupacabra. There are thousands of apparent cryptids known to different world cultures, with an extensive and detailed Wikipedia page dedicated to listing the names of hundreds of well-known cryptids, split into categories such as aquatic, terrestrial and winged!

The Loch Ness Monster: Scotland, United Kingdom.

Possibly the most famous Cryptid in the entire world is the Loch Ness Monster (often affectionally nicknamed Nessie), with sightings dating as far back as the 6th century! Described as a giant sea monster, it is most often likened in appearance to that of a Plesiosaur (aquatic dinosaur). Modern interest in the loch ness monster was sparked by a sighting on July 22nd 1933, when George Spicer allegedly spotted the creature. Since then, there have been countless sightings, photographs, videos and even sonar readings calming to feature the creature. All are inconclusive, and many have been disproved as hoaxes. Regardless, the Loch Ness Monster generates millions of pounds for the area due to tourist interest.

Orang Pendek: Sumatra, Indonesia.

Consensus among witnesses is that the animal is a ground-dwelling, bipedal (walks on two rear legs) primate that is covered in short fur and stands between 80 and 150 cm tall. The animal has allegedly been seen and documented for at least one hundred years by forest tribes, local villagers, Dutch colonists and Western scientists and travellers. From 2001 to 2003, scientists examined hairs and footprint casts allegedly to be that of a Orang Pendek, with Dr. David Chivers, a primate biologist from the University of Cambridge, stating; “the print did not match any known primate species and I can conclude that this points towards there being a large unknown primate in the forests of Sumatra.” In 2005, National Geographic funded a project to get photographic proof of the beast but axed the effort after four years of no results.

The Jersey Devil: New Jersey, USA.

The Jersey Devil is a legendary creature said to inhabit the Pine Barrens of Southern New Jersey. There are many different depictions of what the creature looks like, but it is almost always described as a flying biped with hooves. The common description is that of a kangaroo-like or wyvern-like (dragon/lizard) creature with the head of a goat, leathery bat-like wings, horns, small arms with clawed hands, cloven hooves and a forked tail. The hysteria around the Jersey Devil was at its height during the week of January 16 1909, when newspapers began to publish hundreds of claimed encounters with the Jersey Devil from all over the state, creating an atmosphere of terror and prompting a number of schools to close and workers to stay home! Vigilante groups and groups of hunters roamed the countryside in search of the Devil, with the Philadelphia Zoo (allegedly) posting a $10,000 reward for the creature. The offer prompted a variety of hoaxes, including a kangaroo equipped with artificial claws and bat wings.

Mongolian Death Worm: Gobi Desert, Mongolia

The worms are purportedly between two and five feet long (60 cm to 1.5 meters) and are thick-bodied and are said to inhabit the western or southern Gobi. The Mongolian Death Worm’s native name, Olgoi-Khorkhoi, means “intestine worm”, as it is said to resemble a cow’s intestine. It is believed it can kill at a distance, either by spraying a venom at its prey or by means of electric discharge. There have been many expeditions and searches for the Mongolian Death Worm, by everyone from research scientists to crews of television shows, but despite extensive searches, all have come back empty-handed. Experts have claimed that the desert is too hot for actual worms to survive, which has led some believers to adopt the idea that The Mongolian Death Worm is actually some kind of venomous snake or a legless, burrowing lizard. The Mongolian Death worm has featured in all kinds of media, including books, tv shows and movies!

Do you have a favourite cryptid we haven’t mentioned here? Let us know on our social Media Pages!

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